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Intershop Progressive Web App
Guide - Intershop Progressive Web App - Building and Running Server-Side Rendering


To simply build the Intershop PWA in server-side rendering mode, you can use the package.json script npm run build, which builds the Intershop PWA with the production configuration of the angular.json with the default theme.
Afterwards you can start the application with npm run serve (or do both by using npm run start).

To build a specific theme (see Guide - Themes), you can build (and run) via npm using the --configuration= argument.
All configuration options must be in the format --configuration=<theme>,(production|development).

Building Multiple Themes

The package.json property determines which themes should be built when running npm run build:multi.
This will build server and client bundles for all active themes and supply them in the dist folder.
The SSR process for each theme can be run individually using the generated scripts dist/<theme>/run-standalone.

To run multiple themes with PM2, the script src/ssr/server-scripts/build-ecosystem.js can be used to generate the ecosystem.
If only one theme is active, the theme-specific SSR process will be run in cluster mode on the default port.
If more themes are active, PM2 is provisioned to run a distributor process in front of all theme-specific processes, to direct incoming traffic to the correct SSR process.

The preferred way for production deployments is to build the Dockerfile in the project root and run the created image.
This will automatically build all active themes and configure PM2 for running multiple themes in parallel.


Overwriting configurations of the PWA is entirely done by environment variables.
This approach was chosen to have the best possible compatibility when running the PWA either from the command line or in an orchestrator.

To set environment variables in windows, run, for example, set SSR_HYBRID=true on the command line before executing the npm run commands.

If the format is any, the environment variable has to be set to any value to be active.
Setting it to "false" still counts as active.
Only empty strings count as inactive.

If the format is switch, the property is switched on by supplying on, 1, yes or true (checked case-insensitive), anything else is considered off.

All parameters are case sensitive.
Make sure to use them as written in the table below.

parameter format comment
SSR Specific PORT number Port for running the application
CONCURRENCY_SSR number | max Concurrency for SSR instances per theme (default: 2)
CACHE_ICM_CALLS recommended | JSON Enable caching for ICM calls, see Local ICM Cache (default: disabled)
General ICM_BASE_URL string Sets the base URL for the ICM
ICM_CHANNEL string Overrides the default channel
ICM_APPLICATION string Overrides the default application
FEATURES comma-separated list Overrides active features
THEME string Overrides the default theme
MULTI_SITE_LOCALE_MAP JSON | false Used to map locales to url modification parameters
DEPLOY_URL string Set a Deploy URL (default /)
Debug ⚠️ TRUST_ICM any Use this if ICM is deployed with an insecure certificate
LOGGING switch Enables extra log output
LOG_ALL switch Logs success and error messages (if false, only errors)
SOURCE_MAPS switch Exposes source maps if activated
Hybrid Approach SSR_HYBRID any Enables running PWA and ICM in the Hybrid Approach
SSR_HYBRID_BACKEND URL When running in K8S, this contains the ICM WA service URL. For none K8S you can use ICM_BASE_URL
PROXY_ICM any | URL Proxy ICM via /INTERSHOP (enabled if SSR_HYBRID is active)
Third party GTM_TOKEN string Token for Google Tag Manager
GMA_KEY string API key for Google Maps
SENTRY_DSN string Sentry DSN URL for using Sentry Error Monitor
PROMETHEUS switch Exposes Prometheus metrics
IDENTITY_PROVIDER string ID of the default identity provider if other than ICM
IDENTITY_PROVIDERS JSON Configuration of additional identity providers besides the default ICM
ADDRESS_DOCTOR JSON Configuration of address doctor with login, password, maxResultCount and url


For live Angular Universal (SSR) development, you have to use means provided by Angular CLI.
The following command starts an SSR development environment.

npm run start:ssr-dev

If the SSR development environment needs to run with https, this can be achieved like this:

npm run start:ssr-dev -- --ssl

The following is an example command for how to provide specific certificates that can be valid in your local development environment:

ng run intershop-pwa:serve-ssr --ssl --ssl-cert ~/work/wildcard-certificates/ --ssl-key ~/work/wildcard-certificates/ --host

Local ICM Cache

As there are multiple calls that are always common for any SSR requests (like retrieving /configurations, /localizations and category trees), those calls can be cached for a short time inside the PWA SSR process and be reused for multiple pre-renders.
Set CACHE_ICM_CALLS=recommended to setup basic short-time caching for the aforementioned calls.

You can further customize the caching by supplying a JSON structure to the CACHE_ICM_CALLS environment variable of the PWA SSR process:

  "/configurations": "20m",
  "/variations": "2h",
  ".*": "2m"

This example will cache /configurations for 20 minutes, product variations for 2 hours, and everything else for 2 minutes.

This feature can also be used to benchmark the SSR render performance locally by caching all ICM calls.

Further References

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